Athletic Injuries, Prevention & Management

Compartment syndrome results from increased pressure in the muscle compartment, usually of the lower leg. The condition leads to pain, decreased circulation and compromised muscle function. The increased compartment pressure may be due to increased muscle size with training or trauma to the area that involves swelling. If left unchecked, the decreased circulation to the muscles decreases the amount of oxygen available to the tissues and can lead to irreversible tissue death within the compartment. Compartment syndrome can be chronic in nature, developing gradually over the course of activity...Read more
A hip pointer is a bruise or muscle tear over the pelvic bone usually caused by a direct blow. The crest of the hip is the location of several muscle tendon attachment sites, and any direct blow may result in significant soft tissue injury. The injury is most likely to occur in contact sports such as football or rugby. Hip pointers are very severe injuries and must be appropriately treated in order to avoid permanent limitations in movement. Signs and Symptoms Immediate, often incapacitating, pain in the region of crest of the hip (iliac crest), often tender to touch. An inability to walk,...Read more
While each athlete has his or her own individual training needs, there are some key areas where all athletes can make improvements to achieve their athletic potential. Identified below are three key areas where significant gains can be made. Like any type of training, however, these areas must be developed on a consistent basis, over an extended period of time before a difference can not only be made but also seen in competition. Summarized below are some strategies that you can incorporate into your training to assist you in enhancing your performance while striving to remain injury-free...Read more
A "stitch" is a common abdominal pain usually associated with running sports like soccer. It is brought about by various physiological factors. Mechanism of Injury Among the more common causes are: muscle spasm of the diaphragm eating too much and too soon prior to exercise The muscle spasms of the diaphragm usually arise because not enough oxygen is getting to the muscle. This can be due to: poor conditioning improper breathing techniques ischemia of the diaphragm Other factors include; constipation, intestinal gas, distended spleen, or weak abdominal muscles. Signs and Symptoms...Read more
Both toenails and fingernails are often subjected to being hit and pinched, often repeatedly. Such an injury can lead to the formation of a hematoma under the nail - or "black nail". This condition is usually very painful because of the pressure created by the blood pressing against the nail. Signs and Symptoms Throbbing pain caused by pressure from the bleeding which builds up under the nail. Discolouration underneath nail. On-Site Management ICE. Place the nail in an ice bath. Once the throbbing has been reduced, the pressure under the nail can be released using one of the...Read more
Stress fractures usually occur in major weight bearing bones such as those of the foot or leg. Repetitive stress weakens the bone and begins to break it down. Many researchers think that this overuse injury starts out as a microscopic fracture. As such, it is difficult to diagnose right away because the injury does not immediately show up on X-ray. Stress fractures typically result from one or more of the following: Hypermobile, pronated (flat) feet or high arched feet. Initiating a new activity too vigorously. An increase in training intensity. A change in activity surfaces. A return from a...Read more
Patello-femoral pain is an irritation or inflammation of the tissues under or surrounding the kneecap. Overuse, a blow, or a structural defect causes the kneecap to be squeezed excessively against the lateral femoral condyle. Weak or inflexible quadricep muscles can also contribute to the problem. This condition is often inaccurately referred to as "chondromalacia". Chondromalacia is a diagnosis that should be reserved for cases where there is actual damage to the articular cartilage on the underside of the patella. This is not always the case in patello-femoral pain. But...Read more
The iliotibial band (ITB) is a thick band of tissue that extends down the lateral side of the leg from the thigh down over the knee and attaches to the tibia. When the knee flexes and extends, the ITB slides over the bony parts of the outside of the knee. Friction occurs during running when the tendon moves back and forth across the distal femur (along the outside) and results in localized symptoms of tendinitis.This friction can be magnified by: increased training (especially running hills or too much too soon), poor shock absorption from shoes or rigid feet, and bio-mechanical malalignment...Read more
Cleanse the wound. Thoroughly clean the wound with a soapy solution to remove dirt and debris. A gentle brushing may be required to remove all foreign materials. Ice. An application of ice should ease the pain and reduce local inflammation. Protection. The wound should be protected from further irritation, caused by clothing or equipment, by using a sterile non-adherent dressing such as a Telfa Pad Larger abrasions, such as road rash, tend to seep fluids and should be covered with a bland water- soluble ointment. Antibiotic ointments are usually not required and greasy ointments should be...Read more
Athlete's Foot (Tinea Pedis) is a fungal infection, which most often affects the feet, but can also occur on the head, body, skin and nails. The condition is recognized by dry scaling and cracks in the skin surface between the toes. If left untreated, the fungus progresses to large patches of flaky skin. Signs and Symptoms Pain manifests itself as more of an irritation. Itching is the most indicative sign. Initially appears as a rash, and may contain small pimples or blisters which discharge a yellowish fluid. With scratching, the skin can become inflamed and red, and there can be wide...Read more

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