Athletic Injuries, Prevention & Management

A hamstring strain is an injury to the muscle fiber, tendon or muscle and tendon attachment point. It is common in athletes from ballet dancers to soccer players and sprinters. Of the three muscles that make up the collective hamstring muscles (biceps femoris, semimembranosus and semitendinosus) strain injuries occur in the biceps femoris over 75% of the time. Mechanism of Injury : A hamstring strain is classified as a type 1 or type 2 hamstring strain depending on the mechanism of the injury. Type 1 acute hamstring strains are related to sprinting or heavy loading of the hamstring muscles...Read more
The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in your body. Located in the back of your lower leg, it connects your leg muscles to your heel bone. This helps you put weight on your toes and push off of the ground whilst running. Achilles tendonitis is swelling or irritation of your player's Achilles tendon. This is usually found at the heel attachment point or where the tendon and muscle meet. Mechanism of Injury Achilles tendonitis involves inflammation and degeneration or rupture of your Achilles tendon. The stages of degeneration include: Stage 1: Irritation or inflammation...Read more
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) joins the upper leg bone with the lower leg bone to help keep the knee stable. 1 out of every 3000 people will have an ACL injury per year and approximately 100,000 will choose to have reconstruction surgery to repair it. Mechanism of Injury Hyperextension (the leg straightens too far), the knee “gives out”. Direct blows to the knee. A stress to the outside of the knee. A stress from an outside rotation of the knee. “Unhappy triad” is combination of an outside force, bend in the knee and outside rotation applied to the knee while...Read more
If you use a laptop computer on a regular basis, the Humanscale L2 Notebook Manager is the ticket to preventing neck and shoulder strain. Humanscale is recognized as the leading manufacturer of ergonomic products for the office. They have a diverse product range – from chairs and keyboard holders to task lighting - that helps ensure that those of us who spend long hours in front of a computer, do so in maximum comfort with minimal long-term health risks. The laptop holder allows the user to adjust the display to the right height, offers a built-in document holder, and requires the use...Read more
Asthma is a chronic condition in which the smooth muscles around the air passages in the lungs become inflamed, constrict and excrete thick mucus making breathing difficult. Allergens in the air, exposure to cold environments, upper respiratory tract infections, emotional triggers (uncontrolled laughing or crying) and adverse response to exercise can precipitate an asthma attack. Each asthma attack varies in duration and intensity and can negatively affect athletic performances. Many people are able to control their asthma using appropriately prescribed medications. Types of Asthma: There are...Read more
A realization that "we were delivering performance-enhancing services to groups that were not healthy to start with" was the impetus for SportMedBC's Athlete Enhancement Program, a health screening protocol for Team BC athletes, explains Lynda Cannell, SportMedBC's, President & CEO. Team BC is formed from athletes throughout the province - mostly aged between 16 and 19 - to compete at semi-annual Canada Summer and Winter Games. Wendy Epp, a physiotherapist who proposed the program, explains: "we lose a lot of young athletes to injuries that could have been prevented...Read more
Golf is growing in North America. The 1990's saw a steady increase in the game's popularity and there are now 20 million players in the US. In Canada, there were almost 5 million players aged 12 and up, according to a 2001 survey by the Royal Canadian Golf Association. Almost 700,000 of those players live in British Columbia, lured to the greens by our mild climate and the opportunity to play golf year-round. Although compared to many sports, golf appears to be a relatively low risk activity for injuries, the biomechanics of the golf swing can cause acute and chronic injuries. Dr...Read more
"Not listening to their bodies" is the biggest mistake recreational runners make when they start a running program, says Dr Jim Bovard, a North Vancouver sports medicine physician. Novice runners are often very goal-oriented and enthusiastic and may persist with a program at the expense of developing overuse injuries, he cautions. Bovard, who sees athletes in his practice ranging from novices to Ironmen, says he finds recreational runners "a unique group who seem to have more of an emotional attachment" to their running programs than more experienced athletes. Bovard says...Read more
Strains are injuries involving muscles or tendons and are frequently referred to as muscle "pulls". Strains and sprains are often confused both in terminology and evaluation. Remember that strains involve a stretch or tear of muscle and/or tendon tissue and sprains involve ligament and joints. Strains are caused when the muscle is stretched beyond its normal limits. Strains are often associated with abnormal muscle contractions as caused by fatigue, mineral imbalance and/or strength and flexibility imbalance. This is a common injury in sports often affecting the muscles in the leg,...Read more
Play Smart, Play Safe! In Canada, baseball is one of the four most popular sports among children. According to BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit, there are 400,000 players in registered leagues and as many as 3 million Canadians who play baseball. As a result of the demands of the sport, particularly throwing and sliding, injury is a common occurrence. Baseball is the leading cause of sport-related eye injuries in children. One third of eye injuries result from being hit by a pitched ball. Baseball is the 3 rd greatest contributor to head injury deaths among high school and collegiate...Read more

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