Dr. MacLean has been in the custom foot orthotic industry for 18 years. During which time, he completed a M.Sc. (Human Kinetics) degree at University of British Columbia and a Ph.D. in Biomechanics at University of Massachusetts Amherst. His primary interests include the mechanism of orthopaedic injury in sports (running and cutting sports); the development of exercise and footwear interventions; and diabetic foot dynamics. Dr. MacLean's research interests inlude the mechanism of overuse running injuries; lower extremity pathomechanics; influence of footwear design and custom orthoses; and the role of functional variability in orthopaedic injury mechanism.